Women’s Intervention towards Rio+20: 5 Priority Actions
Anita Nayar, on behalf of the Women’s Major Group, presented 5 priority actions towards Rio+20 on 15-16 of December 2011.
Five priority actions towards Rio+20, which are vital to achieving sustainable development, were raised by Anita Nayar, a representative of a network of feminist activists & academics from the global South called Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era, on 15-16 of December 2011.
For more detailed information, please read the intervention paper below, download it or visit the Rio+20 website.
Also, visit Women Rio+20: Women's Priorities for Sustainable Development.
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15-16 December 2011
Anita Nayar, Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era
on behalf of the Women’s Major Group
I am Anita Nayar representing a network of feminist activists & academics from the
global South called Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era. On behalf of the Women’s Major Group, I would like to raise five priority actions toward Rio+20:
- Twenty years ago the global women’s movement secured over 172 references to women and an entire chapter on women in Agenda 21. I was a youth activist at that time, inspired by the sustainable development paradigm and that it cannot be realized without gender equality. Today I see a radical regression, as there is little to no mention of women in the inter-governmental process leading up to Rio+20. So our first call to action is for governments to reaffirm that gender is crosscutting in development processes and that gender equality and women’s human rights are vital to achieving sustainable development. As we frame the proposed Sustainable Development Goals, we simply cannot let these two processes fall back on separate tracks.
- But how do we realise the promise of sustainable development in the midst of coping with repeated crises? There is an urgent need to change mindsets and to realise that limitless economic growth does not equate with wellbeing or sustainability. New indicators and data show us that what counts for wellbeing is more equal societies1 and some developing countries are achieving these well-being indicators with very low carbon emissions.2 So our second call is to recognize the unequal and unfair burden that women carry in sustaining our collective wellbeing. We therefore need indicators of the time women spend on performing unpaid or underpaid work in order to value social reproduction and reflect it in macroeconomic policy making.
- We must also realise that in times of economic crisis and in the absence of social insurance systems, women’s unpaid labour acts as a stabilizer and increases their burden. So our third call is for a universal social protection floor3 that entails basic social security and health care including comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services. This is critical especially for women living in poverty who are locked into precarious reproductive work and in many places are deprived of their bodily, reproductive and sexual rights. We simply must respond to the demands of the 99% and pursue policies that favour human rights and social provisioning over profit.
- Such a human rights-based approach would also monitor, regulate and hold corporations accountable for their ecologically and socially unsustainable practices. This means protecting small farmers from financial speculation and land grabbing including for large scale agrofuel plantations; banning technologies such as geoengineering and GMOs and subjecting any new technologies to comprehensive assessments including their environmental health implications; phasing out nuclear energy and seeking fresh and up-scaled financial resources to provide essential energy access to women in developing countries and shift the world to renewable energy. So our fourth call is to halt the privatization and commodification of our commons and protect women’s rights to land, water, energy and other resources, as well as to food, health, education and employment. This will benefit all of humankind.
- Finally, we are seeing a disturbing return to neo-Malthusian arguments linking population with the food and climate crises. Let me share two examples from contributions to the Zero Draft for Rio+20. Some UN agencies claim “early stabilization of world population would make a crucial contribution to realizing sustainable development.”4 Demographers claim that “slowing population growth, makes many environmental problems easier to solve and development easier to achieve.” 5 These arguments represent a serious regression from the Rio, Cairo and Beijing agendas.
deterioration of the global environment is the unsustainable patterns of consumption
and production, particularly in industrialized countries, which are a matter of grave
concern and aggravate poverty and imbalances.” Rio+20 must be clear that policy
responses to population reaffirm the Cairo principles to prioritise women’s and girls
sexual and reproductive rights and health in the context of fulfilling sustainable
livelihoods, meeting basic needs, protecting their rights, and creating an enabling
environment for their empowerment, leadership and political participation.
1 See Pickett and Wilkinson http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2009/mar/13/the-spirit-level
2 See Social Watch http://www.socialwatch.org/node/13774
3 See Social protection floor: for a fair and inclusive globalisation from the Social Protection Advisory
Group chaired by USG Michelle Bachelet.
4 See Joint Submission by UNFPA and the Population Division
5 See The Laxenburg Declaration on Population and Sustainable Development
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